Should the Morning after Pill be used to Prevent Pregnancy – Yes

The morning after pill is something that I have read a lot about lately. Mostly, I think the issue boils down to what you believe about abortion and safe sex. The truth is, the biggest issue is that people often confuse the morning after pill with RU-486. The morning after pill (or emergency contraception) is effective up to 72 hours after having unprotected sex. This is a very small window, but if a woman chooses to, she can get it inside that window and take it to reduce chances of pregnancy by about 89%. RU-486 is a different pill. It is known as the abortion pill, and works up to 7 weeks into the pregnancy with a decent amount of effectiveness. Once this distinction is made, it is somewhat easier to discuss the use of the morning after pill.

A quick Google search for facts yields many results, but they come from different sources that could be biased. The most unbiased source I found brings up the same distinction I have already made, but goes on to say that if a woman takes an emergency contraceptive it will not interrupt a pregnancy already in progress. In fact, it claims that the emergency contraceptive will not harm a developing fetus if taken during pregnancy “by accident.” This fact makes it a little harder to be on the other side of this debate. Another fact is that using the morning after pill will not affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant in the future, either.

The truth is, this pill stops conception. That means that it prevents unplanned pregnancies. This is a very effective way of preventing abortions. If less people become pregnant by accident, they will not abort the child, and it will lead to lower abortions overall. The suggestion that a contraceptive should be illegal is slightly ridiculous. This is where it becomes important to look at how the emergency contraceptive works.

It helps prevents pregnancy by doing several things. First, it temporarily stops eggs from being released. This would mean that there was never a fetus created. It also stops fertilization from happening, or if fertilization has happened, can stop the egg from attaching to the womb. Now, these three things are basically facts that show in most cases, it prevents conception. That would mean it functions the same as a condom or birth control pills, therefore if it is morally wrong to use the morning after pill, it is morally wrong to use any form of birth control. Why is that important? Well, in a world where people do not use birth control, there would be many unwanted pregnancies and that leads to many abortions.

If emergency contraceptives are accurate, do their job, and do not interrupt a pregnancy already in progress, it makes sense that it is not wrong to use them. There is no reversal of conception without having an abortion, but these pills do not do that. They prevent conception the same as other forms of birth control do.

The bigger debate at hand is if pharmacy owners (or pharmacists) should be allowed to deny a woman the right to obtain a legal drug. The drug store owners claim that due to their religious preference, or moral obligation to the unborn, they can not allow women to purchase the morning after pill. Again, allowing them to use something that on a functional level is similar to a condom seems to say that all contraceptives are wrong. It might be helpful to suggest that these companies stop filling prescriptions for regular birth control, and pull all forms of condoms or spermicide from their shelves as well. Yes, that would be a bit extreme, but so is denying someone access to a legal product of a pharmaceutical company.