Postnatal Care after Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time period where mothers negotiate many obstacles, anxious moments as well as emotional challenges in order to give life to a healthy newborn. For nearly 10 months, the attention that was given to the pregnancy will now shift towards the newborn baby and the mothers needs and well being can become neglected. But, as with the pregnant period, the first six weeks of duration following delivery is suppose to be extremely important. Therefore, post natal care should address the issue of maternal well being following delivery as well as the matters related to handling and feeding the newborn child.

When considering the problems that a mother can encounter following delivering of a baby, following will be ranked on top.

*Matters related to feeding of the baby.

*Pain and possible infections at the perineum or else in the cesarean scar.

*Incontinence of urine and sometimes the inability to pass stools.

*Possible Urinary Tract Infections.

*Continuous bleeding from the vagina and sometimes leading to ‘postpartum hemorrhage’.

*Poor feeding techniques and inadequate feeding of the newborn.

*Breast engorgement due to poor feeding techniques, inflammation of the breast tissues and finally leading to a breast abscess.

*Emotional instability and the development of maternal blues or depression following delivery of the baby.

*Development of peuperal psychosis.

*Deep vein thrombosis

When looking at these problems, many of them are preventable and some of them can be easily treated. Thus, let us see, what measures can be taken in order to alleviate these complications and problems in the postnatal period.

*All mothers should be provided with adequate support and training on feeding their babies and breast feeding should be promoted as much as possible till at least several months of age.

*Milk should not be left on the breast and expression techniques should be taught using hygienic techniques in order to prevent breast infections.

*Mothers should be assessed both physically as well as mentally in the postnatal clinics as well as by the health care givers in the area. Parents and caregivers should be advised to be vigilant about emotional changes and to provide love, affectionate and support towards the mother.

*Any complain of pain in the perineum and urinary symptoms should be investigated properly and in case of suture dehiscence and infection in the region, appropriate treatment measures needs to be adopted.

*Mothers should be encouraged to mobilize rather than being in one place and confining themselves to the beds.

*Adequate pain relief should be given in order to cope with the wound pain as well as other such body aches.

Finally, it should be remembered that, with all the care in the world, if the mother does not feel that she’s being cared of by her own family, it would not do any good to the outcome of the post natal period.