Fertility Infertility Issues

Conceiving a baby is a delicate and complicated process. It is easy to overlook the fact that many factors are involved in a successful pregnancy.

Every month a female’s ovulation produces one egg. The male’s sperm must reach the female’s fallopian tube and fertilize the egg for a pregnancy to begin. Both the male’s and female’s reproductive system must work in precise timing within a limited time. The egg must be fertilized 24 hours after being released into the fallopian tube.

The male must ejaculate enough semen to deliver his sperm into the vagina and inside the fallopian tube. Sperm must be of the right shape and must move in an exact way to be able to fertilize the egg. If the male is unable to produce enough sperm, if the sperm is not of the right shape and motility (the way the sperm moves), it will not reach the egg. In some cases, the testicles are unable to produce sperm. These are some of the leading causes of infertility in men.
Others involve impaired or underdeveloped sexual organs such as when the testicles did not go down to its proper place during fetal development, a condition known as cryptorchidism.

As with female reproduction, fallopian blockage caused by tubal infection can increase infertility risk. If the infection goes unchecked, it can cause ectopic pregnancies since the fertilized egg is unable to reach the uterus. When the lining that grows in the uterus in preparation for fertilization grows outside of the uterus, Endometriosis occurs. Development of cysts and scar tissues that prevents the transfer of the egg to the fallopian tube are two of the major causes of Endometriosis. Abnormal hormone production and or failure of the ovaries to produce one egg for ovulation are some of the other factors that affect fertility in women.

As if these conditions and impairments in both the male and female reproductive systems are not enough, the couples health and lifestyles can also affect their ability to have children. Medical conditions and its treatments can have a drastic effect. Emotional stress interferes with normal hormone production. Emotional Stress is known to affect normal hormone production.

Infertility is a complex matter. Couples who are unable to have children after more than a year ought to consult medical help to uncover the reason or reasons behind their condition. Medical practitioners are in the best position to diagnose them and give the appropriate advice on what to do next.