Common causes of Miscarriage

Pregnancy is a difficult and emotional time for any women as well as her partner and family. There are many questions and fears that appear from the moment that pregnancy is suspected. One of the more plentiful fears is that the pregnancy will end in a miscarriage. Miscarriage is fairly common but that does not make it any less emotionally devastating. It is natural that after a miscarriage happens the couple wants to understand what happened and be fearful that it might happen again. The couple might even wonder if the miscarriage was a result of something they did wrong and could have been prevented. There are many causes for miscarriage and most of them have nothing to do with something that the woman has done or not done.

For most healthy women the chances of a miscarriage is about 10-25%. Women who are under 35 years old generally have a lower risk of miscarriage than women who are over 35. There is a slightly elevated risk of having a second miscarriage if a woman has had one before but the vast majority of women go on to have healthy babies after a miscarriage.

In the case of a single miscarriage the most common cause is a chromosomal abnormality that causes the developing baby to stop growing and thriving. These abnormalities are random and cannot be predicted and can happen no matter how healthy either parent is. Most of the time this is the default explanation that doctors use when a woman experiences a first and single miscarriage. Since these chromosome abnormalities are random it is very unlikely for them to occur multiple times. It is highly unlikely that a couple would experience a rare abnormality twice. It is possible but unlikely. In most cases this is a miscarriage that can more easily be reconciled with the parents since it means that there is a problem with the developing baby that made it impossible for it to survive. That is something that neither parent has any control over and can’t be prevented. Anyone can have a miscarriage of this type but it is more common in women who are over age 35.

The most common type of miscarriage between 13 and 24 weeks is a medical condition that affects the mother. This can be something that goes unnoticed like an infection or a hormonal problem that prevents the pregnancy from continuing. This can commonly be due to implantation problem where the uterus wall does not thicken sufficiently and prevents proper implantation of the fetus. It can also be a problem with the cervix that causes the pregnancy to be lost. More commonly it could be that the mother has a chronic medical condition that is not being managed properly. The best prevention for these types of miscarriage is to keep yourself healthy during the pregnancy and get regular checkups from your doctor. These types of miscarriage can be recurring if the condition that is causing it is not addressed by a doctor.

While uncommon there are certain lifestyle hazards that can put a woman at a higher risk of miscarriage. Smoking or being around someone who smokes is an example of a lifestyle problem that can lead to a miscarriage. Also using alcohol or drugs can lead to miscarriage. This is why it is important to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle as soon as you find out you are pregnant or, ideally, before you become pregnant. Maintaining regular contact and appointments with your doctor can also help prevent any of these lifestyle type miscarriages. Ask your doctor before engaging in new activities or taking new medication to further ensure a healthy pregnancy.

Sometimes a miscarriage can be as a result of an environmental hazard that harms the developing baby. This can be from a work environment if you work around chemicals or in a home environment, like being exposed to cat feces. These kinds of miscarriage are not common but if you are in an environment where there might be a risk to your pregnancy then it is important to find an alternate solution as soon as possible.

If you have had a miscarriage it is important to get support from the medical community, family and others who have been in your situation. The chances are that even if you have had multiple miscarriages it is possible to find the cause and prevent it from happening again. Most women who have had a miscarriage do go on to have a healthy baby. Talk to your doctor about how to have the healthiest pregnancy you can and what you can do to prevent a miscarriage from happening again. But remember that the loss of a pregnancy is not your fault, even if you do everything right a miscarriage can still happen. It is emotionally difficult and will take some time to recover, that is normal. Eventually you will heal and start considering conceiving again. There is no normal time frame for when this will happen so follow your gut and do what feels right.